There are several fundamental principles which are applied in the medical field. All medical students need to learn the principle of non-maleficence so as to acquire the skills that are needed for complex situations.
It entails the virtue of doing no harm to anyone. If a physician or a medical practitioner is confronted with a complex or a delicate situation in which their action risk complicating the situation even more, the best option would be doing nothing than to risk doing something that will only worsen the situation.
Acting to benefit other people is the moral ethic advanced by the principle of beneficence. In view of this principle, everyone in the medical fraternity has an obligation to show acts of mercy and an endeavour to do much more than they should. This is a virtue that is the guiding force to medical practitioners towards acting in goodwill with love and generosity. They are obliged to extend to others this virtue of goodwill.
All medical practitioners are bound by the principle of justice while in their duty of saving lives. They need to ensure that the resources that are available are distributed in a manner that is fair to all regardless of their status in society. Distribution of resources that is discriminatory smacks of unethical medical practices and any medical practitioner should endeavor to stay above this unprofessional act.
Autonomy is an important medical ethic and should be practiced in the field of medicine. Before a medical practitioner implements a plan for medical care, the patient has to be willing to accept the treatment that is proposed so long as the patient is cognitively capable to do so. Physicians have the moral obligation to respect the liberty of others. Physicians should also respect the people’s choice. In any given society people need to be left to rule themselves and make their own decisions.
The principle for justice in health care.
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Justice as a bioethics principle is an important medical ethic that guides all health care providers anywhere in the world. It acts as a regulator so that everyone gets fairness in terms of medical care. The principle of justice must be taken into account as it is very applicable when it comes to clinical cases (Berglund, Mitchell & Cox, 1993). This is despite the fact that it is a bit difficult to strictly follow absolute principles or rules in the field of heath care. This is occasioned by the fact the fact that many variables exist in clinical cases as a context and several principles appear to be applicable in most of the cases in this field and others are in conflict.
This principle of justice in health care serves as a powerful action guide. It is a moral principle that that is generally accepted and is applicable in the analysis of morals concerning the issues of ethics in medicine. It is good medical ethic practice to apply the principle of justice. It guides medical practitioners to dispense medical benefits in a fair manner as this ensures that patients who have similar needs are treated with fairness (Berglund, Mitchell & Cox, 1993).
A reasonable degree of fairness ought to be exercised in health care so that all can benefit from medical services. In following medical ethics, the physician ought to give to each patient what they deserve without considering their financial or social status. All goods that the society has should be distributed in a fair manner because the society has an entitlement to the goods. Distributive justice obliges the providers of health care to exercise fairness in allocating goods that are scarce. As these goods are not enough, the need for them must first be determined. People should be treated equally while health care practitioners are applying medicare. Age is the only factor that health care practitioners should consider in equality.
Non-maleficence negligence and liability.
Professionals in the field of medical health care are bound by certain ethical practices that dictate the standards of the profession. Non-maleficence is among the four most important principles that all medical practitioners are obliged to follow. However, this principle comes with negligence and liability which are sometimes necessary depending on the prevailing circumstances.
Non-maleficence is the key principle of medical profession. Professionals in this field have an obligation to adhere to certain standards that guide them in terms of medical ethics. The profession of medical care has a tradition which is characterized by utilitarian approaches. This is clearly defined in the principle of non-maleficence which obliges heath care practitioners to accomplish the greatest good through any action they do in medical care. They are obliged to do no harm to others for example through killing, theft or disablement.
Undermedication is one serious form of non-maleficence negligence. For example a patient may be given an underdose with an aim to treat pain while the health care professional does not know. This results to non-maleficence negligence from the point of view of medical ethics (Gillon, 1994). This has basis in the consideration that the patient stand to benefit or gain nothing from the medication he gets yet the health care practitioner genuinely believes he has done enough to alleviate the patient’s pain and continues to administer the same medicine yet it has no effect on the patients health condition. This is a classical case of non-maleficence negligence whereby a doctor’s action in good faith turns out to be a liability. Non-maleficence negligence happens mostly due to medical or health care providers’ lack of adequate knowledge or ignorance. The same case also applies to overdose. Wrong diagnosis and faulty equipment also contributes to this.
Health care providers are responsible for non-maleficence negligence and are liable for prosecution in a court of law. The decision to find the practitioner guilty or not guilty of medical negligence or in other words malpractice depends on the circumstances under which the practitioner did so.
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